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Chan, R. (n.d.) Transforming Schools through Expanded Learning Time: Tumbleweed Elementary School. National Center on Time and Learning.

This case study highlights the changes made to turnaround a low performing elementary school in a high poverty area. The 3 main changes: extended learning time for students, additional planning time for teachers, and professional development that focused on collaboration.

Click to open resource. (2005). Learning Strategies for Creating a Continuous Learning Environment.

A key component of a continuous learning system is to use a wide variety of methods, including classroom training, distance learning, mentoring, experiential learning, and participation in conferences, workshops, and seminars. This tool contains information on a number of learning strategies for creating a continuous learning environment, including individual learning strategies and organizational learning strategies.

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Cole, P. (2005). Leadership and Professional Learning: Forty actions Leaders can take to improve Professional Learning.

This guide explains how to shift from an external focus on learning to a school-based provision of learning. Models for professional development are summarized and forty actionable strategies are suggested to improve professional development.

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National Education Association. (2006). Professional Community & Professional Development. National Education Association.

This brief provides a research-based blueprint for teacher learning, including the goals it can serve, strategic content priorities, and effective approaches or strategies. In “learning centered” schools—where there is an emphasis on both student and teacher learning—teacher professional communities are the hub of a learning system that focuses on instructional improvement. These communities are strategically linked with various other modes of professional development within and outside the school.

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Pappas, P. (2009). A Guide to Designing Effective Professional Development: Essential Questions for the Successful Staff Developer. Dedicated to relinquishing responsibility for learning to the students.

All professional development should model what administration would like to see in the classroom. This blog includes a few questions for consideration by professional development planners.