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Silva, E. (2007). On the Clock: Rethinking the Way Schools Use Time. Education Sector.

This policy brief describes research that suggests that improving the quality of instructional time is at least as important at increasing the quantity of time in school.  This brief is focused more on policy makers to provide them with an understanding of the educational and political complexities of extending the school year.

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Schools Focus Initiative (2003). Lighten Your Load: Strategies to Reduce Paperwork for School-Based SLPs. American Speech-Language Hearing Association.

This paper provides suggestions for reducing the burden of managing individualized education plan (IEP) workloads. Pages 15-16 provide useful time-saving tactics.

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Silva, E. (2009). Teachers at Work: Improving Teacher Quality Through School Design. Education Sector.

This brief analyzes ways schools can improve teacher quality through the school design.  It offers suggestions on ways teachers can collaborate through design of the school day and ways teachers schools can be redesigned to reorganize time use throughout the day and year. Many of these techniques may only be applicable to charter schools.

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Barnett, S., Schulman, K. and Shore, R. (2004). Class Size: What’s the Best Fit?. National Institute for Early Education Research.

This policy brief focuses on reducing class size in preschools but is relevant for a broader education context.  The brief explains for the practitioner or policy maker the research on class size, why smaller classes make a difference, and addresses concerns about costs, benefits, and unintended consequences.

 

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Haman, E. & Reeves, J. (2008). Accessing High-Quality Instructional Strategies. California Department of Education & University of California, Davis, School of Education.

This document details why the class-size reduction did not increase access to high quality instruction and narrow the achievement gap: increased demand and movement of experienced teachers to wealthier districts.  It also explores the key question when reducing class size: Are experienced, well-trained teachers available or is there time to develop these teachers?

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National Association of Secondary School Principals (2011). The Master Schedule: A Culture Indicator. National Association of Secondary School Principals.

The school schedule provides insights into a school’s priorities.  Implementing the strategies outlined in this article can help to ensure that the school schedule is focused on improving student learning and teaching conditions.